As the covenant is confirmed in Exodus 24, a number of amazing parallels or expansions of the ministry of Christ are revealed between the old and new covenants. In the Mosaic Covenant God declares that the people are
“to worship as a distance, but Moses alone is to approach the Lord; the others are not to come near. And the people may not come up with him.” (Exodus 24:1b-2)
But this is far surpassed in the New Covenant where Paul writes,
“Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.” (Hebrews 4:16)
Indeed, not only are we to approach the throne, but in the New Covenant, we are the very temple of God where the Lord dwells and walks as the Corinthian epistle declares,
“For we are the temple of the living God. As God has said: “I will live with them and walk among them, and I will be their God, and they will be my people.” (2Corinthians 6:16)
Furthermore a most amazing statement is recorded in this section of Exodus. In verses 9-11 we read that the leaders of Israel saw God and they lived. What a rehearsal of the great promise of being able to see God incarnate in Jesus Christ and live, what an amazing promise of the hope that one day at the great wedding banquet all people will look upon the Lord and live. In fact the gospel declares,
“To him who overcomes, i will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I overcame and sat down with my Father on his throne.” (Revelation 3:21)
Not only will we see God and live, but we will sit with him and share in his rule. Truly such a ministry far exceeds the wildest expectations of the Jews, but it is the promise of God for the nations.
And finally, just as Moses entered into the cloud of God for 40 days and nights in order to receive the tablets of God, so we enter into the Spirit of God and our Lord writes his laws on our hearts, thus bringing to culmination the covenant which he promised to send to his people. The Holy Spirit confirms in us all the promises and foreshadows that the first covenant only imagined but which the new covenant superseded.